Here are the formulas on how to calculate personal (employee) income tax, pension, gross and net income in Ethiopia. For comparison purpose, we have also added the old net salary, pension and income tax caluculation methods.

Salary Income Tax = (Gross Salary * Tax Rate) – Deduction

Employee Pension – Gross Salary x 7%

Net Income = Gross Salary – Salary Income Tax – Employee Pension – Other Taxes (If applicable)

Employee Pension – 7%

Company Pension – 11%

No. Salary Range (ETB) Tax Rate Deduction (ETB)
1. 0 – 600 Birr Non-Taxable
2. 601-1,650 Birr 10% 60 Birr
3. 1,651 – 3,200 Birr 15% 142.50 Birr
4. 3,201 – 5,250 Birr 20% 302.50 Birr
5. 5,251 – 7,800 Birr 25% 565 Birr
6. 7,801 – 10,900 Birr 30% 955 Birr
7. Over 10,900 Birr 35% 1,500 Birr

 

Sample Calculation

If the salary of an employee is 2,000 Birr.

By referring to the above table, we can see that 2,000 birr falls in the No. 4 row. So, Tax Rate = 15% and deduction = 142.50

Income Tax = (2,000 Birr x 15%) – 142.50 Birr

Income Tax = 300 Birr – 142.50 = 157.50 Birr

Employee Pension = 2,000 Birr x 7% = 140 Birr

Employee Net Income = 2,000 Birr – 157.50 – 140 = 1702.50 Birr

Net Income = 1,702.50 Birr